waar is linoleum van gemaakt

What is linoleum made of

What is linoleum made of? – Linoleum is a durable and environmentally friendly floor covering that has been on the market for more than 150 years. Linoleum offers many advantages, such as wear resistance, hygiene and durability. Because of its many advantages, it is often used in hospitals, offices and other public buildings. But what exactly is linoleum and what is it made of?

Linoleum is considered a natural product made from renewable and organic materials, with linseed oil – obtained from the seeds of the flax plant – as the main ingredient. The linseed oil is mixed with wood flour, limestone, jute and resin.

Where did linoleum originate?

Linoleum was created in 1863 by British manufacturer Frederick Walton. It was developed as an alternative to the floor covering material used at the time, worsted or oil-impregnated jute. The name ”linoleum” derives from the Latin words “linum” (flax) and “oleum” (oil), due to the main ingredients in its production, linseed oil and jute.


Linoleum quickly gained popularity for its durability and hygienic benefits. It was used all over the world and was the most popular floor covering in Europe and North America by the end of the 19th century.

How is linoleum made?

After mixing the ingredients described earlier – linseed oil, wood flour, limestone, jute and resin – the mixture is applied to a jute underlay. This is pressed and then dried. The curing process takes several weeks in so-called ”drying chambers” with a temperature of 30 degrees Celsius. When the linseed oil is oxidised, the linoleum is a sturdy and durable floor covering. This manufacturing process is practically unchanged since its origins and has been taking place for more than 100 years!

Opting for linoleum or liquid linoleum?

Duracryl is an innovative and progressive company and we are constantly looking at opportunities and possibilities in the market. We have developed a new technology in which linoleum can be produced on site. With the linoleum mix, it is now possible to cast liquid linoleum. This additional binding agent ensures curing within a few hours.


Laying traditional linoleum flooring – as we know it traditionally – is not easy. The appropriate tools, materials and preparation are needed to bring it to a successful result. A linoleum floor kit with primer and glue is needed, as well as a carpet knife to cut the linoleum into pieces.Next, the subfloor needs to be made clean and flat. The use of sandpaper or a sander is recommended here! Next, the linoleum can be cut out; these are supplied in rolls of 30 metres. This means that every corner has to be cut out and it is intensive work. The biggest disadvantage of using a traditional linoleum floor is the cutting loss.

Liquid linoleum; an environmentally friendly solution

The development of liquid linoleum is a good development for anyone who thinks sustainably. The advantages of liquid linoleum over traditional linoleum are as follows:

  • Labour-friendly installation;
  • Seamless floor;
  • No cutting loss;
  • No maximum roll length;
  • High flexural strength;
  • High chemical resistance
  • Can be produced on site.

By eliminating the curing process of several weeks in drying rooms with tremendous heat, the liquid application is much more environmentally friendly.


When laying liquid linoleum flooring, precise work must be done. The subfloor must be primed and levelled with the aim of getting a levelled surface. The surface must be straight and all dust and loose particles removed. Before applying the liquid linoleum, a suitable primer should be applied. In addition, the room temperature during installation should be at least 15.5 Celsius and the floor temperature 3 Celsius.

Table of Contents

Linoleum is a material consisting mainly of natural ingredients such as linseed oil, resin, wood flour, limestone and pigments. It is a durable material widely used as flooring because of its resilience, wear resistance and waterproof properties.
Linoleum consists entirely of natural raw materials, such as resin, cork, jute, limestone and linseed oil. Even the dyes are natural. The energy released in the production process is recycled. In short: linoleum flooring has a low environmental impact and is also completely biodegradable.

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